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| Last Updated:: 09/05/2019

Floral Statistics of India 2018

 

 

Floral Statistics of India 2018

 

PHYTOGEOGRAPHICAL ZONES OF INDIA

India can broadly be classified into 11 different phytogeographical zones namely

  1. North-West Himalayas
  2. Indo-Gangetic Plains
  3. Eastern Himalayas (Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim)
  4. Assam (Northeastern India excluding Arunachal Pradesh and North Bengal)
  5. Central India
  6. Arid Zone
  7. Northern Western Ghats and Northern West Coast
  8. Southern Western Ghats, Southern West Coast and Lakshadweep
  9. Deccan
  10. Eastern Ghats and Coromandel Coast
  11. Andaman and Nicobar Islands

 

Source: Balakrishnan, N.P. 1996. Phytogeographic Divisions: General Considerations. In: Singh, N.P., Singh, D.K., Hajra, P.K. & Sharma, B.D. (eds.), Flora of India. Introductory Volume (Part I). Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta. pp. 197–204.

 

 

TABLE: TOTAL NUMBER OF PLANT SPECIES (INCLUDING VIRUS, BACTERIA, ALGAE, FUNGI AND LICHENS) AND THEIR STATUS IN INDIA

 

SI.

No.

Type

Number of known Species

Percentage of Occurrence in India

Number of Endemic Species in India

Number of Threatened Species in India

World

India

I

1.

2.

Flowering Plants

Gymnosperms

Angiosperms

 

1021

2,68,600

 

81

18,532        

 

 

 

7.93%

6.90%

 

12

4,303

 

7

1,700

III

 

1.

2.

Non-flowering Plants

Bryophytes

Pteridophytes

 

 

16,236

12,000

 

 

2,754

1,293

 

 

16.96%

10.76%

 

 

629

66

 

 

c. 80

414

III

1.

2.

3.

4.

Others

Virus and Bacteria

Algae

Fungi

Lichen

 

11,813

40,000

98,998

17,000

 

1,196

7,396

15,223

2,528

 

10.12 %

18.49%

15.38%

14.87%

 

Not known

1,924

c. 4,100

c. 520

 

Not known

Not known

c. 580

Not known

Total

4,65,688

49,003

 

Source: World figures are based on the Second edition of the "Numbers of Living Species in Australia and the World" (Chapman, 2009); data on the number of species in India are taken from "Plant Discoveries 2017 – New Genera, Species and New Records" edited by Paramjit Singh and S.S. Dash, published by Botanical Survey of India in 2018.

  

 

  

PIE CHART SHOWING OVERALL THREAT STATUS OF FLOWERING PLANTS IN INDIA

 

 

 

STATUS CATEGORY SUMMARY OF MAJOR TAXONOMIC GROUPS IN PLANTS (INCLUDING ALGAE, FUNGI AND LICHENS)

(IUCN RED LIST VERSION 2018-2 Table 4b & 4c)

CLASS*

EX

EW

CR

EN

VU

LR/ cd

NT

DD

LC

Total

Anthocerotopsida

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

2

Bryopsida

2

0

12

13

7

0

1

3

3

41

Charophyaceae

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

8

11

Chlorophyceae

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

Cycadopsida

0

4

53

65

74

0

63

3

45

307

Florideophyceae

1

0

6

0

3

0

0

44

4

58

Ginkgoopsida

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

Gnetopsida

0

0

0

1

3

0

7

10

76

97

Jungermanniopsida

1

0

10

11

12

0

1

0

10

45

Liliopsida

9

4

501

812

717

10

352

669

2,585

5,659

Lycopodiopsida

0

0

13

11

16

0

9

8

29

86

Magnoliopsida

107

26

2,192

3,453

4,889

174

1,372

1,456

6,443

20,112

Marchantiopsida

0

0

1

3

2

0

0

4

1

11

Pinopsida

0

0

29

96

79

0

98

7

298

607

Polypodiopsida

2

1

62

69

78

0

26

54

180

472

Sphagnopsida

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

2

Takakiopsida

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

Ulvophyceae

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

Total (Plants)

122

35

2,878

4,537

5,883

184

1,929

2,263

9,679

27,510

OTHER GROUPS

Agaricomycetes

0

0

4

12

18

0

4

3

1

42

Lecanoromycetes

0

0

6

8

5

0

1

0

2

22

Pezizomycetes

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

Sordariomycetes

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

Total (Fungi)

0

0

10

20

23

0

6

4

3

66

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Phaeophyceae

0

0

4

1

1

0

0

9

0

15

Total (Protists)

0

0

4

1

1

0

0

9

0

15

                       

*Plants: Anthocerotopsida (hornworts); Bryopsida, Sphagnopsida and Takakiopsida (true mosses); Charophyaceae, Chlorophyceae and Ulvophyceae (green algae); Cycadopsida (cycads); Florideophyceae (red algae); Ginkgoopsida (ginkgo); Gnetopsida (gnetums); Jungermanniopsida and Marchantiopsida (liverworts); Liliopsida (monocotyledons); Lycopodiopsida (club mosses and spike mosses); Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons); Polypodiopsida (ferns) and Pinopsida (conifers).

Other groups: Agaricomycetes (mushrooms, etc.); Lecanoromyctes (discolichens); Pezizomycetes (apothecial fungi); Phaeophyceae (brown algae).

 

IUCN STATUS CATEGORY SUMMARY OF PLANTS AT GLOBAL LEVEL – A COMPARISON

 

Sl. No.

Categories

IUCN Red List version 2014-2

IUCN Red List version 2015-2

IUCN Red List version 2016-2

IUCN Red List version 2017-2

IUCN Red List version 2018-2

1.