ENVIS Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Sunday, August 18, 2019

Floral Statistics of India 2018

 

 

Floral Statistics of India 2018

 

  

 

 

    

 STATUS CATEGORY SUMMARY OF MAJOR TAXONOMIC GROUPS IN PLANTS (INCLUDING ALGAE, FUNGI AND LICHENS)

(IUCN RED LIST VERSION 2018-2 Table 4b & 4c)

CLASS*

EX

EW

CR

EN

VU

LR/ cd

NT

DD

LC

Total

Anthocerotopsida

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

2

Bryopsida

2

0

12

13

7

0

1

3

3

41

Charophyaceae

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

8

11

Chlorophyceae

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

Cycadopsida

0

4

53

65

74

0

63

3

45

307

Florideophyceae

1

0

6

0

3

0

0

44

4

58

Ginkgoopsida

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

Gnetopsida

0

0

0

1

3

0

7

10

76

97

Jungermanniopsida

1

0

10

11

12

0

1

0

10

45

Liliopsida

9

4

501

812

717

10

352

669

2,585

5,659

Lycopodiopsida

0

0

13

11

16

0

9

8

29

86

Magnoliopsida

107

26

2,192

3,453

4,889

174

1,372

1,456

6,443

20,112

Marchantiopsida

0

0

1

3

2

0

0

4

1

11

Pinopsida

0

0

29

96

79

0

98

7

298

607

Polypodiopsida

2

1

62

69

78

0

26

54

180

472

Sphagnopsida

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

2

Takakiopsida

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

Ulvophyceae

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

Total (Plants)

122

35

2,878

4,537

5,883

184

1,929

2,263

9,679

27,510

OTHER GROUPS

Agaricomycetes

0

0

4

12

18

0

4

3

1

42

Lecanoromycetes

0

0

6

8

5

0

1

0

2

22

Pezizomycetes

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

Sordariomycetes

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

Total (Fungi)

0

0

10

20

23

0

6

4

3

66

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Phaeophyceae

0

0

4

1

1

0

0

9

0

15

Total (Protists)

0

0

4

1

1

0

0

9

0

15

                       

*Plants: Anthocerotopsida (hornworts); Bryopsida, Sphagnopsida and Takakiopsida (true mosses); Charophyaceae, Chlorophyceae and Ulvophyceae (green algae); Cycadopsida (cycads); Florideophyceae (red algae); Ginkgoopsida (ginkgo); Gnetopsida (gnetums); Jungermanniopsida and Marchantiopsida (liverworts); Liliopsida (monocotyledons); Lycopodiopsida (club mosses and spike mosses); Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons); Polypodiopsida (ferns) and Pinopsida (conifers).

Other groups: Agaricomycetes (mushrooms, etc.); Lecanoromyctes (discolichens); Pezizomycetes (apothecial fungi); Phaeophyceae (brown algae).

 

IUCN STATUS CATEGORY SUMMARY OF PLANTS AT GLOBAL LEVEL – A COMPARISON

 

Sl. No.

Categories

IUCN Red List version 2014-2

IUCN Red List version 2015-2

IUCN Red List version 2016-2

IUCN Red List version 2017-2

IUCN Red List version 2018-2

1.

Extinct (EX)

97

99

105

116

122

2.

Extinct in the Wild (EW)

37

37

37

35

35

3.

Critically Endangered (CR)

2,104

2,205

2,484

2,637

2,878

4.

Endangered (EN)

3,178

3,381

3,643

3,921

4,537

5.

Vulnerable (VU)

5,203

5,310

5,435

5,544

5,883

6.

Near Threatened (NT)

1,544

1,583

1,645

1,709

1,929

7.

Lower Risk/conservation dependent (LR/cd)

210

209

209

204

184

8.

Data Deficient (DD)

1,526

1,599

1,674

1,841

2,263

9.

Least Concerned (LC)

5,481

5,762

6,635

7,067

9,679

Total

19,380

20,185

21,867

 

27,510

                                                      

 

PIE CHART SHOWING CATEGORY-WISE THREAT STATUS OF PLANT SPECIES (INCLUDING ALGAE) IN WORLD EVALUATED IN 2017 

 

REFERENCE COLLECTIONS OF FLORA

Sl. No.

Category

Total Number

Total Holdings of Collections and Specimens

1.

Herbarium

79*

35,43,633

* Index Herbariorum Online

CONSERVATION MEASURES (IN INDIA)

Sl. No.

Category

Number

Total Geographic Area (km2)

I

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

II

1.

2.

Within Habitats (in situ)

Biosphere Reserves++

Conservation Reserves++

Community Reserves++

National Parks++

Wildlife Sanctuaries++

Reserve Forests+

Protected Forests+

Unclassed Forests+

Outside Habitats (ex situ)

Botanical Gardens**

Gene Banks

 

18

77

46

104

544

NA

NA

NA

 

131 (www.cbd.int/doc/world/in/in-ex-bg-en.pdf)

NA

 

91272.22

2594.03

72.61

40,501.13

118,931.80

4,34,705

2,19,432

1,13,881

 

NA

NA

Source: ++National Wildlife Database of Wildlife Institute of India; +Forest Survey of India State of Forest Report, 2017;  **BGCI Website.

 

Besides, there are 50 Tiger Reserves (71,027.10 km2), 16 Elephant Reserves, 26 Ramsar Wetland Sites (12,119.03 km2), 7 World Heritage Sites and 1 Mixed World Heritage Site in India. India has a rich heritage of species and genetic strains of flora. Overall about six percent of world species are found in India. It is estimated that India is one of the seventeen mega-diversity (eleventh among these in respect to number of endemic vascular plant species*) and tenth among the plant-rich countries of the world as well as sixth among the centres of diversity and origin of agro-diversity. Out of the total 35 biodiversity hotspots in the world, India has four namely Himalaya, Indo-Burma (parts of northeast India and Andaman Islands), Western Ghats (and Sri Lanka), and Sundaland (Nicobar Islands) (www.biodiversityhotspots.org). The growing urbanization and industrialization causes the decrease of natural habitats, which further results in the loss to biological diversity. Biodiversity, once lost cannot be recovered.