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| Last Updated:: 09/06/2021

Type Specimens at BSI





A nomenclatural type is the element to which the name of a taxon is permanently attached, whether as the correct name or as a synonym. Types are of great importance in plant taxonomy to ascertain the scientific names of plants. Nearly 30,000 type specimens of the Indian plants are deposited in the Herbarium of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, United Kingdom (K). Some other herbaria where many types are deposited pertaining to names of the Indian plants are The Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom (BM), Herbier National de Paris, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France (P) and Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Genève, Switzerland (G). 

Many type specimens are deposited in the various herbaria of Botanical Survey of India, viz. Arunachal Pradesh Regional Centre, Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh (ARUN), Eastern Regional Centre, Shillong, Meghalaya (ASSAM), Central Regional Centre, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh (BSA), Northern Regional Centre, Dehradun, Uttarakhand (BSD), Sikkim Himalayan Regional Centre, Gangtok, Sikkim (BSHC), Western Regional Centre, Pune, Maharashtra (BSI), Deccan Regional Centre, Hyderabad,  Telangana (BSID), Industrial Section, Indian Museum, Kolkata, West Bengal  (BSIS), Arid Zone Regional Centre, Jodhpur, Rajasthan (BSJO), Central National Herbarium, Howrah, West Bengal (CAL), Southern Regional Centre, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu (MH) and Andaman and Nicobar Regional Centre, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands (PBL).  

About 15,000 type specimens at CAL, Howrah followed by 1016 at MH, Coimbatore; 244 at BSI, Pune; 175 at ASSAM, Shillong; 163 at BSD, Dehra Dun; 136 PBL, Andaman and Nicobar Islands; 32 at BSIS, Kolkata; 31 at ARUN, Itanagar; 17 BSHC, Gangtok; 20 at BSJO, Jodhpur; 15 at BSID, Hyderabad and 49 at BSA, Allahabad. They may be Holotype, Isotypes(s), Syntype(s), Isosyntype, Lectotype, Isolectotype, Neotype, Isoneotype, Epitype or Isoepitype.

Indian Herbaria : Legacy, floristic documentation and issues of  maintenance - Munivenkatappa Sanjappa and  Potharaju Venu


Bhuvan GIS map  and Bhuvan GIS contact link of Type Herbariums  more......


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Andaman & Nicobar Regional Centre, Port Blair (PBL)


Arid Zone Regional Centre, Jodhpur (BSJO)


Arunachal Pradesh Regional Centre, Itanagar (ARUN)


Central National Herbarium, Howrah (CAL)

Monocot Type specimens

Dicot Type specimens


Central Regional Centre, Allahabad (BSA)


Deccan Regional Centre, Hyderabad (BSID)


Eastern Regional Centre, Shillong (ASSAM)


Industrial Section, Indian Museum, Kolkata (BSIS)


Northern Regional Centre, Dehra Dun (BSD)


Sikkim Himalayan Regional Centre, Gangtok (BSHC)


Southern Regional Centre, Coimbatore (MH)


Western Regional Centre, Pune (BSI) 



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